CIGARETTE, Fatwa Ulama and impotence

Senin, 22 Maret 2010

Jakarta - When I heard the news about the fatwa cigarettes Muhammadiyah, a friend in Philadelphia commented, "the fatwa against smoking is like a war with two superstitions." I asked what he meant. He explained that we need better ways to solve problems rationally irrational. Cigarettes, in the opinion of my friend this, enter the "irrational", as well as fatwas. He exemplifies the United States, to handle cigarettes without going through a fatwa.

In some ways, I agree with the opinion of this friend. Problem yng cigarettes are complex problems. There are aspects of health, employment, cultural, social, and economic. The complexity of these issues require holistic approaches and systematic. For example through regulation, education, campaigns, open alternative employment, and so forth.

But precisely because the complexity of these problems, smoking is not enough to overcome with just one solution. Problem cigarettes requires a multidimensional approach. Not only approaches that are "rational", but also approaches that, to borrow a phrase my friend, "irrationally". This is where the fatwa cigarettes play a role.

In my opinion, this aspect of regulation, health, employment, and policies about smoking into territory governments and relevant agencies. That's not the area of religious experts. Affairs scholars are "coaching" ummah. One of them by issuing a fatwa on smoking. Fatwa Muhammadiyah this time even better than cigarettes MUI fatwa. Previously, MUI forbid cigarettes only for women, children, and public places. Fatwas like this relative bias, not firm, and was impressed picky. Though the impact of smoking will not be picky.

The problem in my opinion, the extent to which the fatwa was effective to change the outlook of society towards smoking? Not just because smoking has become a "cultural" society, but also because there are still many religious elite whose life is familiar with cigarettes. My assumption, amongst many Muhammadiyah own local leaders, regional, state and national smoking hobby. Likewise, businesses charities such as hospitals and educational institutions Muhammadiyah. Their numbers are thousands, maybe even millions. Are these people "want" to obey the fatwa council Legal Affairs Committee about smoking?

I am concerned, this fatwa Muhammadiyah cigarettes will also be "impotent", unable to fulfill its duties and functions. This concern is not without reason. How many products "fatwa" was issued scholars lately, but none of the effective "influence" society. See for example the fatwa about golput, facebook, begging, rebonding, pre-wedding photos, female motorcycle taxi, and now the cigarettes. Most people probably tend to ignore and not bother about the fatwa. Instead fatwa ulama, they seem to have started "glut" fatwa.

What makes people tend to be "immune" fatwa? This is not an easy question. Recently the site Times magazine ran an article about anti-terror fatwa. The title, "Can a fatwa against terrorism stop extremists?". Carla Power, the author of this article, doubted the contribution of the fatwa in an effort to stop terror. The reason, many scholars have issued fatwas anti-terror since September 11. Starting from Ayatollah Ali Khamenei until Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qardhawi. Which tekahir, Sheikh Tahir al-Qadri, influential cleric in Pakistan, earlier this month also issued similar fatwas. The result, terrorist acts continue to occur. Assumed power, failure to cope with acts of terror fatwa because the fatwa was issued by the scholars who "close" to power.

Is this also the case in Indonesia? Maybe yes, maybe not. In fact, in many cases, two major organizations in Indonesia (NU and Muhammadiyah) is no longer able to "influence" of their citizens through a fatwa. Not just because people are more intelligent and critical, but also because of the fatwa ulama are often not rooted and oriented "populist". The impression that emerged, the cleric issued a fatwa without sensitivity to the condition of society. The latest example is the fatwa about the beggar woman and a motorcycle. People may not agree with this opinion. But my hope is, Muhammadiyah cigarette fatwa is not the case this time.

* Dani Muhtada, Readers Detikcom, S3 Student Politics and Religion Studies at Northern Illinois University, USA. (Iy / iy)

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